Friday, March 13, 2009

Type Of Diabetes

Different Type of Diabetes
There are many types of diabetes, but the three most common are:
1. Type 1
2. Type 2
3. Gestational
Without insulin, glucose can’t move into blood cells. People with diabetes can live fulfilling, healthy lives.
Type 1
Diabetics with type 1 diabetes, also known as insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus or IDDM don't produce insulin and require regular supply of insulin to keep their blood glucose levels normal. Type 1 diabetes was known as juvenile-onset diabetes, but that name has been changed because type 1 diabetes also strikes young and older adults alike.
Risk factors
A family history of the diabetes increases risk for next generations.
Researchers have researched on several genes that appear to increase risk of type 1 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes has many hallmarks of an auto-immune condition. In the case of type 1 diabetes, the immune system kills the cells in the pancreas that produces insulin.
Type 1 diabetes often occurs shortly after a viral infection, and doctors sometimes notice a sharp jump in type 1 diabetes diagnoses after viral epidemics.
Type 2
Approximately 95 % of diabetics suffer with type 2 diabetes which is also known as non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus or NIDDM. Type 2 Diabetics produces insulin, but the cells in their bodies are "insulin resistant" they can't respond properly to the hormone, so glucose is accumulated in their blood. Some people with type 2 diabetes inject insulin, but mostly can control the disease through a combination of weight loss, exercise, a prescription oral diabetes medication, and tight control.

Risk factors
Age also plays an important role in type 2 diabetes.Gestational diabetes and insulin resistance can be prevented by keeping a healthy weight, having healthy food and with the help of regular exercise.Gestational Gestational diabetes affects only to pregnant ladies without any previous history of diabetes.In comparison of whites and Asians, 
type 2 diabetes is more commonly found among Native Americans, African-Americans, Latinos, and Hispanics.That's why type 2 diabetes is usually linked with diet and exercise.Females who have given birth to babies weighing 9 pounds or more are at an increased risk of Type 2 Diabetes.Scientists are not sure, but type 2 diabetes, like type 1 diabetes, flows from families to families, which shows some genetic connection.
Most of the newly diagnosed are of age 55 and above, and around 11 percent of Americans ages 65 to 74 suffers from type 2 diabetes.Risk factors Similar to Type 1, Type 2 disease also runs in families and increase the risk for upcoming generations.People whose weight is above their hips have a greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes than those who carry it on their hips.In fact, a genetic link in Type2 diabetes seems even stronger in comparison with type Obesity is the only single most important cause of type 2 diabetes.Nearly 137,000 U.75% of people with type 2 diabetes have problem of being overweight.

If a female developed gestational diabetes during pregnancy, she is at a higher risk of type 2 diabetes later.
Risk factors
  • Diabetes problem flows from generation to generation.
  • Increase in weight, increases insulin resistance.
  • Every pregnant lady has some degree of insulin resistance.

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